A grassroots group seeks to combine New River and Desert Hills into one formalized town, in order to have some control over what many perceive as out-of-control development in a region where the primary water supply—an underground aquifer—has been dropping for decades. But there are significant hurdles to incorporation, and a number of residents are now voicing opposition to the effort.
At an Aug. 29 public meeting organized by the New River–Desert Hills Incorporation Committee and attended by roughly 300 people, Tom Belshe, deputy director of the Arizona League of Cities and Towns, discussed what it takes to become a town and what it means to run one. The league promotes local self-government and municipal independence.
“It’s very difficult to incorporate an area,” Belshe said. Combining two communities “makes it more difficult.” (Becoming a city is more complex and was not discussed in depth.)
Amid many questions, several residents spoke passionately both in favor of and against incorporation. Belshe said he is not “for” or “against” incorporation in any specific case. Rather, he presented facts to inform those who would eventually vote on it. Belshe was not paid for his presentation, but he is paid by the league, which is funded by the towns and cities it represents.
Continue reading below to learn how the process works, the pros and cons, what responsibilities a town must take on. Or see the sidebar: The New-River Desert Hills Budget Proposal.
A proposed town must “be a community” of at least 1,500 people (as measured by the Census Bureau) who live in the same general geographic area and share common interests in health, fire, water and other common aspects of municipal life, Belshe explained. The incorporation committee says the area has a population of 14,952.
- File with the county recorder a petition to incorporate, including a boundary map.
- Obtain permission from all incorporated towns or cities with a population of at least 5,000 that are within 6 miles of the proposed boundaries, or those under 5,000 population within 3 miles. (The incorporation committee has initiated talks with Phoenix, Cave Creek, Scottsdale, and Peoria.)
- Within 180 days after filing, get 10 percent of registered voters within the boundaries to sign the petition.
- Hold a vote and get approval from a majority of registered voters who vote on the issue. (It does not matter how many voters live within the boundaries, only how many actually vote.)
If incorporation passes, the County Board of Supervisors would appoint the first council, to be comprised of people who live in the new town.
The town can begin collecting some shared revenues (see below) immediately, but is not responsible for providing services until the start of the next fiscal year, which in Arizona officially begins on July 1.
For this reason, Belshe said, it can be advantageous to get the initiative on the ballot in August—as opposed to other state election-day options, which are typically in November, March and May— allowing more than 10 months to collect revenue and ramp up operations without having to fund services.
A new town has three basic responsibilities, Belshe said: handle administration, provide law enforcement, and maintain what had been county roads. The latter two are typically among the most costly, he said, adding that most smaller towns contract the work out to the sheriff’s department and the county roads department. Some important details:
- The town needs an official meeting place, even just a rented building.
- Two key positions, at minimum, should be filled: A town clerk/administrator and at least one experienced accountant.
- Also needed: legal services (which can be contracted) and liability insurance.
What About Water?
A town is not required to provide parks, libraries, sewer or water systems, and the incorporation effort does not include water in its plans.
However, a separate grassroots group, called New River/Desert Hills Water, has gathered 350 signatures on a petition to created a Domestic Water Improvement District (DWID). Julie Elliott, the group’s president, said, “Water is not really a core function for [most] municipalities.” She called the initiatives by the two groups “complementary and compatible.”
Laurie Ricci, one of the four people who started the incorporation committee, agreed. “Incorporation wouldn’t be mutually exclusive of the proposed water district; they can work hand-in-hand to create a solution,” she said.
Pros & Cons
While people have differing views on incorporation, here are the benefits and downsides the Arizona League of Cities and Towns frequently hears from existing towns:
SOURCE: Arizona League of Cities and Towns
While a new town may not need or wish to institute new local taxes, “all of the cities and towns in Arizona have a local sales tax. This tax is the most important source of local revenue for most municipalities,” according to the League of Cities and Towns.
Regarding the criticism that another layer of government would be created, the incorporation committee argues that “our own local government will, for the most part, replace the County Board of Supervisors’ governing authority.”
Anthem officials oppose the group’s proposed boundary map, which includes a portion of Anthem’s commercial district in an effort to potentially produce sales tax revenue [See "Proposed Boundaries of New River Town,” In&Out, Aug. 2, 2018]. While the map lines cross from Desert Hills into southern Anthem, no roads connect the two areas directly. Even some rural residents think the boundaries should not include Anthem.
“It’s creating a lot of tension between the two neighborhoods,” said New River resident Desiree Shields, who started a Facebook page opposing incorporation. “It is dividing people.”
Since Anthem is not an incorporated town, its approval is not required. But the Anthem Community Council has been vocal in its opposition to the boundaries, and council has heard from many like-minded residents in Anthem, New River and Desert Hills, said Community Executive Officer Neal Shearer. People are saying the map “is downright unfair, unneighborly, and not the right thing to do,” Shearer told In&Out. “Our conviction to oppose the map is even stronger.”
The incorporation committee, meanwhile, has not committed to any boundary changes just yet. “We have upcoming meetings with the Anthem Community Council and the City of Phoenix and are awaiting their input before making any changes,” Ricci said.
The earliest the initiative could be on a ballot would be 2019, Ricci told In&Out, adding that “a lot of factors” would have to align.
As for the name? “The community has thrown around some ideas,” she said. “We began with the name New River-Desert Hills, but that is not set in stone.”